The Adriatic Sea is a semi-closed pool with slow streams, making it vulnerable to pollution.
Marine Litter (ML) is defined as any solid, manufactured or processed solid material discharged into the marine and coastal environment. The prevailing part of marine waste consists of plastic materials. Specifically, micro-plastics is an increasing cause for concern for the degradation of the marine and coastal ecosystems, potentially endangering the functionality of the ecosystem itself and reducing the quality of coastal waters for fishing and tourism. Furthermore, cross-border effects are already known in marine litter, with a floating sea layer of waste that travels regardless of the state / administrative boundaries of a country. Therefore, marine litter issues require a common approach of different countries and their joint efforts to find a proper and appropriate solution and approach.
The ML-REPAIR project is a continuation of the DeFishGear-Derelict Fishing Gear Management System project in the Adriatic Region. In research conducted during the DeFishGear (DFG) project, the tourism sector has shown a strong contribution to the creation of marine litter while the fisheries sector is considered to be an important intermediary in the process of reducing marine litter. As identified in the DFG project, although local communities, coastal tourism and the fisheries sector contribute to the problem of marine litter, they can also be part of the solution. The fishing sector has great potential in tackling ship waste issues, both in terms of prevention and awareness-raising about the proper disposal of outdated fishing gear and reducing the existing amount of marine litter by participating in initiatives called 'fishing for litter' (FFL).
Within the ML-REPAIR project, activities are carried out in Croatia and Italy, and the core of the project's activities is to involve the predefined target groups of the project (fishermen and fishing associations/cooperatives, local communities and the younger population, tourism sector, public administration bodies and the FLAGs and LAGs) through the implementation of activities related to:
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